Aleatico is a muscat-scented red-wine grape thought to be descended from Muscat Blanc a Petit Grains. The variety is one of only a small number of dark-skinned grapes with muscat-like aromas, the most notable of which is Moscato di Scanzo, which has its own dedicated appellation in Lombardy, northern Italy. Aleatico is also grown in Chile, where it is called Red Moscatel, and is grown in Australia and California in small amounts.
Although it makes dry wines of good quality, Aleatico's muscat aroma and intense perfume makes it better suited to sweeter styles, whether dried-grape passito or fortified 'licoroso' wines.
Although increasingly rare, Aleatico is grown in isolated patches all over central Italy. Its most notable wines are produced in Tuscany (Elba Aleatico Passito DOCG), Lazio (Aleatico di Gradoli), Marche (Pergola) and Puglia (Aleatico di Puglia) in the far south of the Italian peninsula. It is also found in Corsica, and on the island of Elba it is made into Aleatico dell'Elba Passito DOCG, a rare instance of DOCG designation for a sweet wine.
The variety is now grown in several central Asian countries (presumably thanks to early Italian adventurers) most notably Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan, where it it is known as Leatico and Agliano. (There is no known link with the real Aglianico).
Wines made from this grape exhibit floral (rose) and fruit aromas such as berry and lychee. Alcohol and acidity can both be high.
Synonyms include: Red Moscatel, Leatico, Aglinao.
Food matches include:
Europe: Chocolate ricotta cream (crema di ricotta al cioccolato)
Americas: Pecan pie
Africa/Middle East: Caramel stuffed walnuts