Limoux is a relatively new appellation (created in 2003), for red and white wines from the area around the town of Limoux, in the Pyrenean foothills of southern France. Historically this area has been better known for its sparkling wines, which are produced and sold under the Blanquette de Limoux and Cremant de Limoux appellation titles.
The AOC Limoux vineyards are higher and cooler than those of any other Languedoc-Roussillon appellation, and also further from the temperature-moderating influences of the Mediterranean. This leads Limoux and the surrounding area to produce a style of wine quite distinct from other appellations – even those which are relatively close by, such as Corbieres.
The red wines from Limoux are made predominantly from Merlot (at least 50% of any AOC Limoux blend), complemented by a wide range of other southern French red varieties, namely Cabernet Sauvignon, Cabernet Franc, Malbec, Grenache, Syrah and Carignan. This rather eclectic mix brings together the key grapes of Bordeaux (the former three) and the Rhone Valley (the latter three).
Limoux wines are typically lighter in both color and palate weight than many others from Languedoc-Roussillon, a fact due mostly to the increased altitude and cooler terroirs in which the grapes are grown.
White Limoux Blanc wine is made from Mauzac, Chenin Blanc and Chardonnay, and varies widely in style according to the exact area and climate in which it is produced. The Chardonnay vines found here are some of the oldest in the south of France, making wines that are particularly sought-after.