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Rhone Wine

The Rhone Valley is a key wine-producing region in the south-east of France. It follows the north–south course of the Rhone river for almost 150 miles (240km) from Lyon to the Rhone Delta (the Bouches-du-Rhône), near the Mediterranean coast.

The length of the valley means that Rhone wines are the product of a wide variety of soil types and mesoclimates. The region's wine-producing areas cover such a distance that there is a widely accepted division between its northern and southern parts. Rather neatly, they are separated by a gap of 25 miles (40 km) between the towns of Valance and Montelimar, in which almost no vines are grown.

The Hermitage chapel, overlooking the Rhone

This division is reflected not only in geography and preferred grape varieties, but also in the quality and quantity of wines produced. The smaller, more quality-driven northern section focuses almost entirely on Syrah for red wines and Viognier, Marsanne and Roussanne for whites, while the larger and more prolific south employs a much longer list of varieties. The most notable of these are the red varieties Grenache and Mourvedre, which are combined with Syrah to produce the 'GSM' blend so characteristic of the southern Rhone. While the granite-blessed slopes of the north are paired with a continental climate, the rocky, sandy soils of the flatter south enjoy the warmer winters of a Mediterranean climate.

Prestige is also a key differentiator between the northern and southern areas of the Rhone. The north boasts old and highly respected names, such as Hermitage and Cote Rotie, but it accounts for only 5% of the valley's total wine production. The remaining 95% is made in the south under less-prestigious, less-specific names. The south is not entirely lacking in prestige, however, as it is here that the Chateauneuf-du-Pape appellation is located.

One important, unifying constant between the two areas is the regional Cotes du Rhone appellation, which can be claimed by red, rosé and white wines from all over the valley. This title covers 171 communes over the 125 miles (200km) between Vienne in the north and Avignon in the south – the towns that mark the beginning and end of the main valley. These wines are still subject to the rules and regulations of the appellation laws, but do not match up to the quality required from more location-specific titles such as Saint-Joseph or Gigondas

The appellation Cotes du Rhone Villages is restricted to specific villages whose terroir produces wine of a slightly higher quality. By chance, they are clustered in the southern section of the Rhone valley, around the town of Orange. An elected sub-set of about 20 (this list changes over time) are permitted to add their village names to the title Cotes du Rhone Villages, producing some interesting, long-winded names such as Cotes du Rhone Villages Saint-Maurice-sur-Eygues.

One small but important area not covered by the obvious north/south divide is the Die district to the east of the Rhone. Located 30 miles (50km) east of Valence and Montelimar, the ancient town of Die sits at the foot of the French Alps. It produces sparkling wines under the appellations Clairette de Die and Cremant de Die, as well as some still whites under the Coteaux de Die title.

Die is not alone in being the source of an idiosyncratic white Rhone wine. Condrieu wines from the north are rich, mostly dry whites with honeyed, floral aromas, while the sweet white wines of Muscat de Beaumes-de-Venise complete the Rhone's wide repertoire of styles.

Supplementary information about Rhone Valley wines can be obtained from the region's trade body, Inter Rhone.

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Here are some wines produced in this region and all sub-regions, only the first 500 will be shown.
Wine Name
Grape 
Popularity
Perrin & Fils Chateau de Beaucastel Chateauneuf-du-Pape, Rhone, France Southern Rhone Red Blend $90 47
Paul Avril Clos des Papes Chateauneuf-du-Pape, Rhone, France Southern Rhone Red Blend $107 72
Paul Jaboulet Aine Hermitage La Chapelle, Rhone, France Syrah $193 80
Chateau Rayas Chateauneuf-du-Pape Reserve, Rhone, France Grenache (Garnacha) $528 99
Vignobles Brunier Domaine Vieux Telegraphe Chateauneuf-du-Pape La Crau, Rhone, France Southern Rhone Red Blend $74 113
Domaine Jean-Louis Chave Hermitage, Rhone, France Syrah $306 114
E. Guigal Cote Rotie La Turque, Rhone, France Syrah - Viognier $457 157
E. Guigal Cote Rotie La Mouline, Rhone, France Syrah - Viognier $442 163
E. Guigal Cote Rotie La Landonne, Rhone, France Syrah $462 172
Domaine du Pegau Chateauneuf-du-Pape Cuvee Reservee, Rhone, France Southern Rhone Red Blend $79 192
Perrin & Fils Chateau de Beaucastel Chateauneuf-du-Pape Grand Cuvee Hommage a Jacques Perrin, Rhone, France Southern Rhone Red Blend $482 210
Domaine du Pegau Chateauneuf-du-Pape Cuvee da Capo, Rhone, France Southern Rhone Red Blend $479 270
M. Chapoutier Ermitage Le Pavillon, Rhone, France Syrah $232 303
Le Vieux Donjon Chateauneuf-du-Pape, Rhone, France Southern Rhone Red Blend $61 333
Domaine de La Janasse Cuvee Vieilles Vignes, Chateauneuf-du-Pape, France Southern Rhone Red Blend $105 379
Perrin & Fils Chateau de Beaucastel Cotes du Rhone Coudoulet de Beaucastel, Rhone, France Southern Rhone Red Blend $27 394
E. Guigal Cote Rotie Brune et Blonde de Guigal, Rhone, France Syrah $62 428
Domaine Auguste Clape Cornas, Rhone, France Syrah $113 445
Chateau Mont-Redon Chateauneuf-du-Pape, Rhone, France Southern Rhone Red Blend $44 448
Domaine Pierre Usseglio et Fils Chateauneuf-du-Pape Cuvee de Mon Aieul, Rhone, France Grenache (Garnacha) $93 470
Clos Saint-Jean Deus-Ex Machina Chateauneuf-du-Pape, Rhone, France Southern Rhone Red Blend $258 472
Chateau La Nerthe Chateauneuf-du-Pape, Rhone, France Southern Rhone Red Blend $47 500
E. Guigal Cotes du Rhone, France Southern Rhone Red Blend $13 553
Domaine Jean-Louis Chave Hermitage Blanc, Rhone, France Marsanne - Roussanne $224 617
Domaine Charvin Chateauneuf-du-Pape, Rhone, France Southern Rhone Red Blend $61 624
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