Wagram (formerly Donauland) is a viticultural region on the banks of the Danube River in Niederosterreich, north-eastern Austria. The growing conditions are ideal for the country's iconic Gruner Veltliner, which produces rich and full-bodied white wines with a characteristic creamy texture.
The region stretches 30 miles (48km) from Krems in the west along to Klosterneuburg on the outskirts of Vienna. Vineyards on the northern side of the river lie on the flat Wagram plateau, and on the southern side of the river they can be found clustered around the hilly landscape of Klosterneuburg.
© ÖWM / Lehmann
Like many other Austrian wine regions, Wagram's terroir is affected by its distinctly continental climate. Warm breezes coming from the warm Pannonian Plain to the east are tempered by cool Alpine influences from the north. Warm and dry days followed by much cooler nights help to preserve the vital flavor profiles of the grapes.
The Wagram plateau is bordered on its northern side by a ridge 65ft (20m) high that runs parallel to the Danube for around 15 miles (25km). This is an ancient shore of the river, and Wagram's name comes from the word Wogenrain, meaning shore.
Soils in Wagram are more or less uniform across the entire region, with a deep and dominant layer of loess – a point of pride for local vignerons. This loess has good water-storage capacities and there is little need for irrigation during the dry growing season.
Wagram Gruner Veltliner is generally spicy and rich, helped along by the terroir of the region. The other prominent white variety in Wagram is Roter Veltliner, and the main red wines are made from Zweigelt and Pinot Noir. The region is also known for some quality ice wines.
The town of Klosterneuburg in the east of Wagram is an important viticultural center. The Stift Klosterneuburg monastery has been producing wine since 1114 and is one of the largest vineyard holders in Austria. There is also a prominent viticultural university and research institute located in the town.